Modern city with smart 5G wireless communication network concept .

5G Networks Grow Three Large Fields

Chinarainbow.org – The pattern of human life over the past two years, starting during the Covid-19 pandemic, has changed, the lifestyle of gathering and face to face has been replaced.

Family gatherings utilize online meeting applications, employees are more at home working at home and proven to be efficient. The scale of digital business operations is increasing rapidly, companies that lena, faint status, shifting to online-based businesses.

The field of health grew significantly, inviting health workers to play digitally. Hospital admission alone must be recorded and recorded, so that visitor data is recorded by the company. A number of fields automate to keep the production process running, but can be controlled from afar.

Police are minimizing officers on the ground, replaced by ETLE cameras, which are likely to bring artificial intelligence (AI) based street traffic monitoring.

But this is still only the early stage. Characterized by human comfort in running several sides of his life more practically, comfortably and economically.

Behind that it is impossible we can move without the availability of broadband networks. 4G networks that accommodate data traffic today will no longer be adequate in the near future.

The average broadband download speed in Indonesia (according to GSMA) of 14.78 Mbps is not enough to transmit various activities. In some regions, especially the business and industrial sectors, the need has increased, a number of corporations need networks that are 10 times faster.

High speed is needed in the framework of cost efficiency, streamlining costs. Surviving on networks such as 4G / LTE, the costs that must be incurred are higher, due to low productivity.  DSS cannot be permanent For the industry, 4G / LTE is no longer enough to meet the needs that continue to move fast in the digital realm, they need the evolution of networks that are able to become catalysts for production processes.

A network that has high-bandwidth capabilities and a much lower latency rate, so that the digital transformation process has changed. Especially when talking about the Industrial Revolution 4.0, the readiness of high-capacity bandwidth networks is a prerequisite that must be met.

The presence of 5G as prepared by operators such as Telkomsel (the most aggressive and expanding) is at least the entrance to the evolution of superfast networks in Indonesia. Many times Telkomsel conducted trials including the last time during motoGP in Mandalika, NTB.

Telkomsel has used high-millimeterband waves at 26 GHz, which sprays download capacity above 6 GB. This is real 5G. But other carriers are not yet fully running on 5G spectrum.

Operators utilize DSS (dynamic spectrum sharing), the same spectrum is used for different technologies, 5G and 4G dynamically, in addition to using MIMO (multiple input multiple output) technology.

The problem with DSS cannot be permanent because it will interfere with 4G services, because both use frequencies of 1800 MHz and 2.1 GHz. Indonesia will use the spectrum of 2.3 GHz, 3.5 GHz, 26 GHz, 28 GHz and 35 GHz, some of which will be released by the government for operators’ 5G services, but there is no definite news from the government, when to issue that frequency. The frequency of 700 MHz that is starting to be abandoned analog televisions that migrate to digital technology has also not been discovered whether it will be auctioned.

However, migration in some regions with 5G networks is still needed. Some countries in the world have commercialized 5G, a number of other countries are still studying or studying while carrying out trial practices.

A study conducted by the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) photographed the benefits economically, and especially in the top three areas that require the presence of 5G.

These fields include information services, manufacturing, and health care, all of which are expected to grow fastest due to the presence of 5G.

On information services the life changes that occur because utilizing 5G will trigger the demand for digital services and products. This increase has an influence on labor demand, especially in the field of technology and information.

In the manufacturing sector 5G networks will help manufacturers maximize factory capacity, increase efficiency and use of industrial robots. Higher sensor densities enabled by 5G will optimize production schedules, reduce maintenance costs, and improve supply chains and logistics management.

Significant improvements can increase the competitiveness of the factories. As well as opening the presence of new manufacturers that use increasingly advanced technology.

While in the health sector, the biggest issue since the pandemic will be the most potential field, changing things. 5G technology could revolutionize telemedicine and remote monitoring.

Wearable and monitoring devices will connect patients directly to providers, making healthcare services more accessible and targeted. Therefore, the availability of labor in the health sector will increase very rapidly.

BCG estimates that the utilization of 5G networks will open up employment opportunities of up to 4.6 million, which to achieve that figure requires a government role that is not enough to only provide permission to use frequencies.

The government should also conduct policy studies, build ecosystems (especially encouraging economic actors to utilize networks), and improve the skills of workers’ talents. In the utilization of 5G will be integrated several disruptive technologies such as AI, IoT, and edge computing.

And this shows is one way to achieve future economic resilience. While operators such as Telkomsel build 5G, the presence of the government is needed. Not just as a auctioneer and regulator.

 

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